Technology-Enhanced L2 Writing: A Systematic Literature Review and Analysis/Synthesis

Patrick Mannion, Matthew Siegel, Zhengjie Li, Quang Nam Pham, Adel Alshaikhi


A key challenge of second/foreign language acquisition is writing. Improvements in the capabilities and availability of technology have resulted in increased use of technology in L2 writing instruction. This review and analysis of 50 research studies on the effects of technology on L2 writing covers literature utilizing both quantitative and qualitative research methods. Both collaborative and individual writing are examined, both in terms of achievement and perception. Additionally, the impact of writing task structure is investigated. Results suggest technology generally has a positive effect on both L2 writing achievement and perceptions. The impact of task structure as a moderating factor on L2 writing was found to be inconclusive, and further research to link L2 writing performance to this and other factors is recommended.

Keywords:  collaborative writing; foreign language writing; individual writing; L2 writing; task structure; technology; writing achievement; writing perception

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