The Voice of College Writing Instructors on the Academic Challenges of the Students in Preparatory Classes: A Case Study in a Turkish EFL Context

Murat ATA, Gülşah TIKIZ


This study unearths the academic writing challenges of undergraduate students at School of Foreign Languages at a state university in Turkey from the perspective of English as a foreign (EFL) language instructors. Besides, it focuses on these challenges in terms of the variety and integrity. The article also sheds light on the implications of these challenges for students’ academic development and it offers solutions to address these challenges. This is a qualitative study. Thematic analysis was conducted to analyse the data. The participants were selected through purposeful sampling method and data were collected via observations, semi-structured interview questions and students’ documents such as exam papers and writing assignments. The results revealed that writing instructors face a number of challenges ranging from the mechanics of the lesson to students’ individual perceptions. Additionally, the study offers some implications such as support from other skills and the need for encouragement of learners to write successfully for both teachers and curriculum designers.

Full Text:



Anderson, E. M. (2013) Preparing the next generation of early childhood teachers: The emerging role of inter professional education and collaboration in teacher education, Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, 34(1), 22-35.

Applebee, A. N. (1977). Writing and Reading. Journal of Reading, 20, 534-537.

Aulls, M.W. (1975) Relating Reading Comprehension and Writing Competency. Language Arts, 52, 808-812.

Byrne, D. (1988). Teaching writing skills. Essex: Longman.

Chomsky, C. (1971). Write first, read later. Childhood Education, 47(6), 296-299.

Clay, M. (1975). What Did I Write? London, England: Heinemann Educational Books.

Creswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design. Thousand Oaks, Ca: Sage.

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating. W. Ross MacDonald School Resource Services Library.

Davies, N. (2004). Not just how but why: EAL and ICT in the multilingual classroom. NALDIC Quarterly, 1(4), 12-19.

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (Eds.). (2011). The Sage handbook of qualitative research. California: Sage.

Ellis, R., & Ellis, R. R. (1994). The study of second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University.

Gee, J. P. (2008). Social linguistics and literacies: Ideology in discourses (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.

Glesne, C., (1991). Becoming qualitative researchers. New York: Longman.

Harmer, J. (2007). How to Teach Writing. India: Pearson Publishing.

Hinkel, E. (2001). Building awareness and practical skills for cross-cultural communication in ESL/EFL. In M. Celce-Murcia (Ed.), Teaching English as a second or foreign language (3rd ed., pp. 443–458). Boston: Heinle & Heinle

Kaplan, A. (1964). The conduct of inquiry. New York: Harper & Row

Kırkgöz Y. (2009). Students’ and Lecturers’ Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Foreign Language Instruction in an English-Medium University in Turkey. Teaching in Higher Education, 14, 81-93. doi: 10.1080/13562510802602640

Lazaraton, A. (2001). Teaching oral skills. In M. Celce-Murcia (Ed.), Teaching English as a second or foreign language (3rd ed., pp. 103–115). Boston: Heinle & Heinle

McCarthy, M., & O’Keeffe, A. (2004). Research in the teaching of speaking. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 24, 26–43.

Pajares, F. (2003). Self-efficacy beliefs, motivation, and achievement in writing: A review of the literature. Reading & Writing Quarterly, 19, 139-158.

Pincas, A. (1982). Teaching English Writing. London: Macmillan Press.

Schram, T. (2006). Conceptualizing and proposing qualitative research. (2nd ed.) New Jersey: Pearson Education.

Seow, A. 2002. The Writing Process and Process Writing. In Methodology in Language Teaching: An Anthology of Current Practice, (Eds.). J. Richards and W. A. Renandya, (pp. 315–320). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Silva, T. (1993). Toward an understanding of the distinct nature of L2 writing: The ESL research and its implications. TESOL Quarterly, 27, 657–677.

Trucano, M. (2012). Information and communication technologies. In Petrinos, HA (Ed.), Strengthening Education Quality in East Asia: System Assessment and Benchmarking for Education Results. SABER/UNESCO/The World Bank UWA Publishing. Retrieved from May, 19, 2019.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.