A Comparison of Teaching Vocabulary through Audio-Visual Materials versus Traditional Ways

Merve Nur Çalışkan

Abstract


The present research aims at comparing whether teaching vocabulary by the help of audio-visual materials or through traditional ways is a better option in EFL settings. The differences between audiovisual materials and traditional ways have been remarked in the current study. The experiment lasted 3 weeks and was carried out with 36 secondary school students (control and experiment groups). Each group consisted of 18 participants. Firstly, the predetermined target words were taught to both groups by audiovisual materials or traditional ways such as writing, repeating, and translation.  Secondly, a vocabulary quiz was applied to the experimental and control groups. When the scores were compared, there wasn’t any significant difference. However, the experimental group was relatively more successful than the control group.  Thirdly, a questionnaire and an interview were applied to the participants by the researcher. The results showed that participants prefer to use audiovisual materials in vocabulary activities. Also, it was observed that audiovisual materials make the lessons more interesting and promote the motivation of the learners.

Keywords: Audio-Visual Materials, Vocabulary teaching, Traditional ways, Visual learning, Learning Methods, Vocabulary Acquisition


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